Process Safety Management (PSM) addresses the management of hazards associated with highly hazardous chemicals and processes and integrates technologies, procedures and management practices. In the US this is a legal OSHA requirement (OSHA 29 CFR 1910.119) however it is a standard that can be applied globally to a variety of industrial sectors.
Two of the most important elements of a good PSM program are:
- Process Hazard Analysis (PHA), also known as HAZOP – defined by OSHA as ‘an organized and systematic effort to identify and analyze the significance of potential hazards associated with the processing or handling of highly hazardous chemicals. A PHA provides information which will assist employers and employees in making decisions for improving safety and reducing the consequences of unwanted or unplanned releases of hazardous chemicals. A PHA is directed toward analyzing potential causes and consequences of fires, explosions, releases of toxic or flammable chemicals and major spills of hazardous chemicals. The PHA focuses on equipment, instrumentation, utilities, human actions (routine and nonroutine), and external factors that might impact the process. These considerations assist in determining the hazards and potential failure points or failure modes in a process.’
- Management of Change (MOC) – as defined by OSHA ‘To properly manage changes to process chemicals, technology, equipment and facilities, one must define what is meant by change. In this process safety management standard, change includes all modifications to equipment, procedures, raw materials and processing conditions other than “replacement in kind.” These changes need to be properly managed by identifying and reviewing them prior to implementation of the change. For example, the operating procedures contain the operating parameters (pressure limits, temperature ranges, flow rates, etc.) and the importance of operating within these limits. While the operator must have the flexibility to maintain safe operation within the established parameters, any operation outside of these parameters requires review and approval by a written management of change procedure.
Management of change covers such as changes in process technology and changes to equipment and instrumentation. Changes in process technology can result from changes in production rates, raw materials, experimentation, equipment unavailability, new equipment, new product development, change in catalyst and changes in operating conditions to improve yield or quality. Equipment changes include among others change in materials of construction, equipment specifications, piping pre-arrangements, experimental equipment, computer program revisions and changes in alarms and interlocks. Employers need to establish means and methods to detect both technical changes and mechanical changes.’
We will come to your site and put on a five day workshop to review Process Safety Management Best Practices with key personnel on your site. This is an excellent tool to create awareness within your organization, since many sites do not fully understand requirement and implementation of a PSM program. Nor do they understand that current Best Practices, and regulations, require a formal PSM program.
The workshop covers the following topics:
- What is PSM?
- Industry regulations and best practices
- Process Hazard Analysis (PHA)
- Management of Organizational Change (MOOC)
- Case studies from client facility
For additional information or to book a workshop please contact us.